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Learn HTML Links Code

Tips (Total 8)


# Tips-1) What is HTML Links

Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.

HTML Links - Hyperlinks

HTML links are hyperlinks.

You can click on a link and jump to another document.

When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.

Note: A link does not have to be text. A link can be an image or any other HTML element!

 

Example of HTML Links

The HTML <a> tag defines a hyperlink. It has the following syntax:
index.html
Example: HTML
<a href="https://itupto.com/">Visit Itupto.com!</a>

Full Example of HTML Links

The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href attribute, which indicates the link's destination. The link text is the part that will be visible to the reader. Clicking on the link text, will send the reader to the specified URL address. This example shows how to create a link to Itupto.com:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>HTML Links</h1>

<p><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/">Visit W3Schools.com!</a></p>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of HTML Links

# Tips-2) How to create HTML Links - Syntax

The HTML <a> tag defines a hyperlink. It has the following syntax:

The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href attribute, which indicates the link's destination.

The link text is the part that will be visible to the reader.

 

Example of HTML Links - Syntax

<a href="url">link text</a>

Full Example of HTML Links - Syntax

The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href attribute, which indicates the link's destination. The link text is the part that will be visible to the reader. Clicking on the link text, will send the reader to the specified URL address. This example shows how to create a link to Itupto.com:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>HTML Links</h1>

<p><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/">Visit W3Schools.com!</a></p>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of HTML Links - Syntax

# Tips-3) How to create HTML Links The target Attribute

By default, the linked page will be displayed in the current browser window. To change this, you must specify another target for the link.

The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.

The target attribute can have one of the following values:

Full Example of HTML Links The target Attribute

Use target="_blank" to open the linked document in a new browser window or tab:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>The target Attribute</h2>

<a href="https://itupto.com/" target="_blank">Visit Itupto!</a> 

<p>If target="_blank", the link will open in a new browser window or tab.</p>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of HTML Links The target Attribute

# Tips-4) What is Absolute URLs vs. Relative URLs

Both examples above are using an absolute URL (a full web address) in the href attribute.

Full Example of Absolute URLs vs. Relative URLs

A local link (a link to a page within the same website) is specified with a relative URL (without the "https://www" part):
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>Absolute URLs</h2>
<p><a href="https://www.w3.org/">W3C</a></p>
<p><a href="https://www.google.com/">Google</a></p>

<h2>Relative URLs</h2>
<p><a href="html_images.asp">HTML Images</a></p>
<p><a href="/css/default.asp">CSS Tutorial</a></p>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of Absolute URLs vs. Relative URLs

# Tips-5) How to use an Image as a Link

To use an image as a link, just put the <img> tag inside the <a> tag:

Full Example of using an Image as a Link

To use an image as a link, just put the <img> tag inside the <a> tag:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>Image as a Link</h2>

<p>The image below is a link. Try to click on it.</p>

<a href="default.asp"><img src="https://itupto.com/avatar.png" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;"></a>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of using an Image as a Link

# Tips-6) How to use Link to an Email Address

Use mailto: inside the href attribute to create a link that opens the user's email program (to let them send a new email):

Full Example of Link to an Email Address

To create a link that opens in the user's email program (to let them send a new email), use mailto: inside the href attribute:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>Link to an Email Address</h2>

<p>To create a link that opens in the user's email program (to let them send a new email), use mailto: inside the href attribute:</p>

<p><a href="mailto:[email protected]">Send email</a></p>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of Link to an Email Address

# Tips-7) How to create Button as a Link

To use an HTML button as a link, you have to add some JavaScript code.

Full Example of Button as a Link

JavaScript allows you to specify what happens at certain events, such as a click of a button:
index.html
Example: HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h2>Button as a Links</h2>

<p>Click the button to go to the HTML tutorial.</p>

<button onclick="document.location='https://itupto.com'">HTML Tutorial</button>

</body>
</html>

Output should be:

Full Example of Button as a Link

# Tips-8) How to use a title in Link

The title attribute specifies extra information about an element. The information is most often shown as a tooltip text when the mouse moves over the element.

Full Example of title in Link

href="https://itupto.com" title="Go to W3Schools HTML section"
index.html
Example: HTML
 <a href="https://itupto.com" title="Go to W3Schools HTML section">Visit our HTML Tutorial</a> 

Output should be:

Full Example of title in Link

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